Leonardo da Vinci, The Head of Leda, c.1505
信用:弗朗西丝周刊2019从皇家收藏信托许可。版权所有。

女王画廊,白金汉宫的礼物达芬奇:一个生活绘画

The exhibition, commemorating the 500th anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), brings together more than 200 very fine, beautiful and intricate drawings. It is the first major showing of this artist's work in over 60 years.

Through more than 200 drawings we begin to understand how the artist’s mind worked and the things that interested him from painting, sculpture, architecture and anatomy, to engineering, cartography, geology and botany.

列奥纳多·达芬奇在绘制人生
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Leonardo's Greatest Achievements Survive only in Drawings and Manuscripts

莱昂纳多备受尊敬的画家,雕塑家和建筑师。他只有大约20个画作完成,并没有他的雕塑或建筑都保存了下来。我们只知道他通过图纸和手稿他的工作。

作为军用和民用工程师,他计划与马基雅维利转移Arno河,这是从来没有完成的方案。

As an anatomist he dissected over 25 human bodies but the results of his work were never published.

He had planned to write treatises on a number of subjects including painting, water, mechanics, the growth of plants but none were ever completed.

展览的亮点

This is a most interesting exhibition and to select highlights is almost impossible as each drawing gives a fascinating insight into the artist’s thoughts and working techniques.

For example,Head of Leda,如上所示,是一个非常细黑白垩,笔墨画呈现出女人的头部。细节是惊人的。这个女人的头发是在复杂的辫子紧固固定在了耳朵线圈。头是一个失去绘画研究Leda and the Swan

Classical mythology tells us that Leda, Queen of Sparta, was seduced by Jupiter who appeared in the form of a swan.

星的-伯利恒 - 植物绘图的丽达与天鹅

伯利恒之星 - 研究丽达与天鹅
信用:弗朗西丝周刊2019从皇家收藏信托许可。版权所有。

Botanical Drawings for Leda and the Swan

Some of Leonardo’s best botanical drawings were studies created in preparation for his compositionLeda and the Swan。在此图中,我们专注于明星的-伯利恒的一丛。回旋叶出现在了跪勒达并在其软化其上的天鹅站在岩石的边缘画的多份研究。

艺术家最终取得的地位版本一幅画,但它是在摧毁约1700。

达芬奇:仔细查看
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设计了枪桶和迫击炮
信用:弗朗西丝周刊2019从皇家收藏信托许可。版权所有。

Gun Barrels and Mortars

在1480年代艺术家搬到米兰,领先centre for the production of arms and armour. With this move his interest in science and technology intensified as can be seen in his designs for gun barrels and mortars.

该表显示战车和武器,包括弹射器和弩,枪,大炮和迫击炮。这将触发称为打算烧敌舰的风帆“希腊火”的燃烧物质。

At the centre of the page we see a rotating cradle on which a gun with opposed barrels could be fixed. One barrel would be loaded while the other was fired.

在页面的底部最大的绘图显示的箱形迫击炮安装在船上。这是极有可能的是,当砂浆被解雇这会倾覆。

洪水
信用:弗朗西丝周刊2019从皇家收藏信托许可。版权所有。

Violent Storms - A Favourite Subject

During the last few years of the artist’s life, violent storms were one of his favourite subjects. He approached this subject with an obsessive intensity, both in his drawings and writings, showing a deep-rooted obsession with the destructive power of the forces of nature.

洪水,一系列的图纸,显示猛烈的暴风雨和洪水灾难性铺天盖地地之一。有能量的组成的心脏强大的结。石块从天空从场景的中心水笋下降。

这一系列的草图是关于绘画的论文这是从来没有完成的研究。

达芬奇
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Leoni Binding
Credit: Frances Spiegel 2019 with permission from RCT. All rights reserved.

达芬奇的遗产 - 生存因素

有几个因素确保了这么多艺术家的图纸的生存。

在强度和避免火灾,洪水和损失意味着数百个作品的侥幸结合手工纸的质量保持在良好的条件。

莱昂纳多把一切 - 每一个图纸,每一个音符和笔记本电脑。当他于1519年去世,他留给笔记本电脑2000余散页加上几十到他的学生弗朗西斯梅尔齐。梅尔齐花了很多年的探索和分类收集。

梅尔齐在1470左右去世后,艺术家旁派莱尼获得大部分的收藏。他登上他们在许多专辑,其中一些进入皇家收藏的。

在维多利亚女王的统治附图是从相簿中移除和安装单独从而使它们能够发挥。最原始的专辑已经消失,但之一,莱尼绑定,一直保留至今。

It is only since the early part of the 20th century, when they were widely published, that we have begun to understand the artist’s work.

这一优异的展览is open at The Queen’s Gallery, Buckingham Palace, from 24th May to 13th October 2019.